As far as I know, that’s not possible. I have found this, but haven’t tested it. Please tell us if it worked. I don’t know any DAW able to produce .mp3 chapter marks yet. There are only a few separate tools that allow producers to create chapter marks within .mp3 files. I think Auphonic does this. I’m not sure if in the online and/or the desktop version though (@auphonic, could you please confirm/deny this?). Marco Arment from Overcast is in the process of building a tool to create chapter marks in .mp3 files (might be for Mac only). We will have to wait on that. There are more tools for chapters in .m4a/AAC files.
Podlove Simple Chapters do support all file types, because they are not embedded within the file itself. This might be an easy solution for you. The problem is, that only a few mobile apps do support these Podlove Simple Chapters.